Given the prevalence of obesity, so many people are trying to lose weight using every strategy imaginable. Some use exercise to burn fats, others go on a diet to reduce their calorie intake, and many look for products that could help them in their weight loss journey. However, there are also people on the opposite side of the spectrum. They lose weight without intending to and this can be to a degree that is just as unhealthy as excessive weight gain. It’s a problem that merits medical attention as well as it can weaken a person and make him susceptible to various complications.
It could be caused by a variety of diseases. For instance, those suffering gastrointestinal disorders will often lose weight drastically because they can’t eat well or absorb the nutrients. Those with diarrhea expel their food almost right away and lose a lot of fluids in the process. They need to drink plenty of liquids to replace the loss but sometimes their body will not accept this either. Doctors can resort to intravenous feeding until the patient gets better. Those with peptic ulcer and hyperacidity will feel an excruciating pain in their stomachs. When they try to eat food, it doesn’t settle and they end up vomiting. HIV and cancer also causes long-term progressive muscle loss.
Weight loss is a phenomenon that is common after a major surgery. The body will try to recover from this trauma by sending more of its resources to the wounds to promote faster healing. Patients often report a lack of appetite which then leads to reduced calorie intake. Surgical procedures around the midsection have the worst effect on weight as the organs of the digestive system can be affected. People may not be able to eat normally even if they want to until the wounds heal. The workaround is to resort to tube feeding which bypasses the sensitive parts for the meantime.
Sometimes the problem lies with the mind. People who are suffering from depression often withdraw from social interactions and have very low appetite. This can be debilitating not only mentally but physically because they get weaker with every day. Intervention from loved ones and professionals may be required if they don’t get better on their own. Culture and belief systems can also play a role in a person’s unhealthy weight loss. Peer pressure often drive teens to go on crash diets. Athletes who are trying to improve performance may succumb to eating disorders.